Serotonin transporter production and degradation rates: studies with RTI-76
Vicentic, A., Battaglia, G., Carroll, F., & Kuhar, M. J. (1999). Serotonin transporter production and degradation rates: studies with RTI-76. Brain Research, 841(1-2), 1-10.
The objective of this study was to examine the turnover of the serotonin transporter (SERT) by determining its production rate (r), degradation rate constant (k) and half-life of recovery (t(1/2)). The turnover of SERT was determined from the rate of recovery of binding after administration of RTI-76, an irreversible inhibitor of Ligand binding. In preliminary studies, in vitro incubation of rat cerebral cortex with RTI-76 produced a wash and temperature resistant inhibition of SERT binding densities (B-max). Citalopram protected against the RTI-76-induced inhibition of SERT binding. Following 6 h of in vivo intracerebroventricular injections of 100 nmol of RTI-76, there was a dose- and time-dependent reduction (- 60%) of SERT binding in hippocampus and striatum, without a change in the K-d. SERT binding densities recovered over several days, reaching control levels by day 14. The recovery curve fit the standard model of protein synthesis and degradation. The turnover parameters of SERT were determined in hippocampus and striatum, regions that receive serotonergic innervation from the dorsal and median midbrain raphe nuclei, respectively. In the hippocampus, the production rate constant was 2.36 fmol mg protein(-1) h(-1); the degradation rate constant was 0.0077 h(-1); and the half-life of the SERT recovery was 3.4 days. The values in the striatum were similar. The decrease and recovery of [H-3]-5-HT uptake correlated highly (r = 0.93) with the recovery of SERT binding. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved