Separation of the locomotor stimulant and discriminative stimulus effects of cocaine by its C-2 phenyl ester analog, RTI-15
Cook, C. D., Carroll, F., & Beardsley, P. M. (1998). Separation of the locomotor stimulant and discriminative stimulus effects of cocaine by its C-2 phenyl ester analog, RTI-15. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 50(2), 123-128.
During a routine evaluation of several analogs of cocaine, we observed that the C-2 phenyl ester, RTI-15, appeared to suppress motor activity in rats. We subsequently examined RTI-15 for its cocaine-like stimulus effects as well as for its locomotor activity effects. RTI-15 dose-dependently generalized from the cocaine stimulus in rats trained to discriminate 10 mg/kg cocaine from saline with complete substitution (greater than or equal to 80% cocaine-lever responding) occurring at 24 mg/kg. During automated locomotor activity tests in mice, cocaine (3-60 mg/kg) dose-dependently increased activity counts and movement time across the entire 1 h test session. RTI-15, however, had little affect on activity counts and movement time from 10-30 mg/kg, and decreased these measures at 60 mg/kg, the highest dose tested. These results indicate that while changing the C-2 methyl ester of cocaine to a C-2 phenyl ester increases dopamine-transporter selectivity, it dissociates its locomotor activity effects from its discriminative stimulus effects suggesting that the underlying mechanisms mediating these effects are not identical. (C) 1998 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved