This paper selectively reviews the economic research on individual (i.e., diabetes prevention programs and financial rewards for weight loss) and population-wide based diabetes prevention interventions (such as food taxes, nutritional labeling, and worksite wellness programs) that demonstrate a direct reduction in diabetes incidence or improvements in diabetes risk factors such as weight, glucose or glycated hemoglobin. The paper suggests a framework to guide decision makers on how to use the available evidence to determine the optimal allocation of resources across population-wide and individual-based interventions. This framework should also assist in the discussion of what parameters are needed from research to inform decision-making on what might be the optimal mix of strategies to reduce diabetes prevalence.
A review of the impacts of different approaches for diabetes prevention and a framework for making investment decisions
Alva, M. L. (2018). A review of the impacts of different approaches for diabetes prevention and a framework for making investment decisions. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(3), . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030522, https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15030522