Resorcylic Acid Lactones with Cytotoxic and NF-kappa B Inhibitory Activities and Their Structure-Activity Relationships
As part of our ongoing investigation of filamentous fungi for anticancer leads, an active fungal extract was identified from the Mycosynthetix library (MSX 63935; related to Phoma sp.). The initial extract exhibited cytotoxic activity against the H460 (human non-small cell lung carcinoma) and SF268 (human astrocytoma) cell lines and was selected for further study. Bioactvity-directed fractionation yielded resorcylic acid lactones (RALs) 1 (a new natural product) and 3 (a new compound) and the known RALs zeaenol (2), (5E)-7-oxozeaenol (4), (5Z)-7-oxozeaenol (5), and LL-Z1640-1 (6). Reduction of (5E)-7-oxozeaenol (4) with sodium borohydride produced 3, which allowed assignment of the absolute configuration of 3. Other known resorcylic acid lactones (7-12) were purchased and assayed in parallel for cytotoxicity with isolated 1-6 to investigate structure activity relationships in the series. Moreover, the isolated compounds (1-6) were examined for activity in a suite of biological assays, including antibacterial, mitochondria transmembrane potential, and NF-kappa B. In the latter assay, compounds 1 and S displayed sub-micromolar activities that were on par with the positive control, and as such, these compounds may serve as a lead scaffold for future medicinal chemistry studies
Ayers, S., Graf, T. N., Adcock, A., Kroll, D. J., Matthew, S., de Blanco, E. J. C., ... Oberlies, N. H. (2011). Resorcylic Acid Lactones with Cytotoxic and NF-kappa B Inhibitory Activities and Their Structure-Activity Relationships. Journal of Natural Products, 74(5), 1126-1131.