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Resilience training with soldiers during Basic Combat Training: Randomisation by platoon

Background: Resilience Training has the potential to mitigate mental health symptoms when provided during initial military training. Methods: The present study examined the impact of Resilience Training on US soldier well-being and attitudes during Basic Combat Training. Platoons were randomly assigned to Resilience Training or Military History provided during the first few days of Basic Combat Training. Surveys were conducted at baseline, post-intervention, and 3, 6, and 9 weeks. Results: The sample resulted in a total of 1,939 soldiers who completed at least the baseline and one follow-up survey. There were no significant differences between conditions in terms of depression symptoms, anxiety symptoms, or sleep problems. However, while anxiety decreased in both conditions, the rate of decrease was faster in the Resilience Training condition. In contrast, Resilience Training had a slower rate of increase in group cohesion over time than the Military History condition. In addition, Resilience Training was associated with greater confidence in helping others and received more positive ratings than Military History. Conclusions: Findings demonstrate that the brief Resilience Training studied here may have some utility in supporting mental health and peer support but may not benefit unit climate


Adler, AB., Williams, J., McGurk, D., Moss, A., & Bliese, PD. (2015). Resilience training with soldiers during Basic Combat Training: Randomisation by platoon. Applied Psychology: Health and Well Being, 7(1), 85-107. https://doi.org/10.1111/aphw.12040

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