A Randomized Factorial Study of the Effects of Long-Term Garlic and Micronutrient Supplementation and of 2-Week Antibiotic Treatment for Helicobacter pylori Infection on Serum Cholesterol and Liproproteins
Zhang, L., Gail, M. H., Wang, Y., Brown, L., Pan, K., Ma, J-L., ... Moslehi, R. (2006). A Randomized Factorial Study of the Effects of Long-Term Garlic and Micronutrient Supplementation and of 2-Week Antibiotic Treatment for Helicobacter pylori Infection on Serum Cholesterol and Liproproteins. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 84(4), 912 - 919. DOI: 10.1093/ajcn/84.4.912
Background: Little is known about the long-term effects of garlic or micronutrient supplementation on total, HDL, and LDL cholesterol in disease-free persons.
Objective: We aimed to assess the effects of long-term supplementation with garlic and micronutrients and of short-term amoxicillin and omeprazole treatment on serum total, HDL, and LDL cholesterol in a rural Chinese population.
Design: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 2 × 2 × 2 and 2 × 2 factorial study of precancerous gastric lesions in 3411 subjects in Linqu County, Shandong Province, China. Thirty-four subjects were randomly selected from each of 12 treatment strata. Sera were analyzed at 3.3 and 7.3 y to measure effects on total, HDL, and LDL cholesterol after 2-wk twice-daily treatment with 1 g amoxicillin and 20 mg omeprazole and supplementation throughout the study with 1) 2 capsules twice daily, each containing 200 mg aged garlic extract and 1 mg steam-distilled garlic oil, or 2) twice-daily micronutrient capsules containing 250 mg vitamin C, 100 IU vitamin E, and 37.5 mg selenium.
Results: Regressions adjusted for covariates indicated increases of 0.22 mmol total cholesterol/L (P = 0.01) and 0.19 mmol LDL/L (P = 0.02) after 7.3 y of micronutrient supplementation, but no effect of garlic supplementation or short-term amoxicillin and omeprazole treatment.
Conclusions: In this rural Chinese population with low meat intake and moderate cholesterol concentrations, long-term garlic supplementation had no effect on lipid profiles, whereas micronutrient supplementation was associated with small but significant increases in total and LDL-cholesterol concentrations at 7.3 y.