Ethnic variability in perceived purpose in life was measured in a group of 100 alcohol dependent males. The sample was composed of Caucasian (38%), Hispanic (37%), and American Indian (25%) hospitalized alcoholics. Analysis of variance tests revealed significant differences on the Purpose in Life (PIL) instrument [F (2,97) = 6.47, p = .002], Follow-up tests indicated that American Indians endorsed higher levels of purpose in life than either of the other two groups. Controlling for four alcohol severity covariates failed to obviate the effect of ethnicity on PILscores, suggesting important ethnic differences in this construct.
Purpose in life among alcoholics: A comparison of three ethnic groups
Brown, J., Ashcroft, FG., & Miller, WR. (1998). Purpose in life among alcoholics: A comparison of three ethnic groups. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly, 16(3), 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1300/J020v16n03_01