Preparation and in vivo evaluation of a dry powder for inhalation of capreomycin
Fiegel, J., Garcia-Contreras, L., Thomas, M., VerBerkmoes, J., Elbert, K., Hickey, A., & Edwards, D. (2008). Preparation and in vivo evaluation of a dry powder for inhalation of capreomycin. Pharmaceutical Research, 25(4), 805-811.
PURPOSE: To develop an aerosol system for efficient local lung delivery of a tuberculostatic drug. METHODS: The antibiotic, capreomycin sulfate, was spray dried to form a dry powder aerosol. The chemical content and physical properties of resulting particles were assessed under various storage conditions. Plasma concentrations of capreomycin after insufflation into guinea pigs were evaluated at three doses, and compared to IV and IM administration of a capreomycin solution. RESULTS: Dry powder aerosols containing capreomycin were formulated to enable efficient delivery of large drug masses to the lungs of guinea pigs. Aerosols loaded with 73% CS were shown to possess good aerosolization properties and physical-chemical stability for up to 3 months at room temperature. Upon insufflation into guinea pigs, the amount of CS reaching the bloodstream was significantly lower compared to IV or IM administration, but resulted in a significantly longer drug half-life. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that large doses of capreomycin in dry powder form can be efficiently delivered to the lungs of guinea pigs, which may result in high local drug exposure but significantly reduced systemic exposure as suggested by plasma concentrations in the present studies. These systems have considerable potential to provide more effective therapy for MDR-TB