The purpose of this pilot study was to subjectively and objectively measure workload and performance levels among radiation oncologists performing a computerized performance test before and after introducing neurofeedback as a measurable intervention. The intervention consisted of eight neurofeedback sessions, each 28 minutes in length divided into four separate seven-minute training periods, targeting cortical alpha/theta/beta activity in both temporal lobes (C5 alpha/theta, C5 beta, C6 beta, and C6 alpha/theta). The inhibit frequencies for C5 and C6 alpha/theta were 2-4 Hz and 15-30 Hz while the reward frequencies were 5-7 Hz and 8-11 Hz. The inhibit frequencies for beta C5 and beta C6 were 1-12 Hz and 22-30 Hz while the reward frequency was 15-18 Hz. All sensors were referenced to linked ears. Eight subjects were recruited for this pilot study. Workload was assessed subjectively using the NASA Task Load Index (NASA-TLX) instrument, and objectively using electroencephalography (EEG) data analysis. Performance was subjectively assessed using flow-state survey, and objectively assessed based on time-to-test completion and performance-based errors. Statistical differences in pre-vs. post-intervention scores of i) NASA-TLX, time-to-test completion, and performance-based errors were tested using matched pairs t-test; ii) perceived performance as quantified by the flow-state survey using Wilcoxon signed-rank test; and iii) and pre vs. post temporal lobes EEG changes that were acquired during a continuous performance test using analysis of variance (ANOVA). Analysis indicated significant reductions in NASA-TLX (p =.01); significant increases in theta power (training reword; 4-7Hz; p .05). Future research is needed to further quantify the impact of neurofeedback on radiation oncology providers' workload and performance.
Positive effects of neurofeedback intervention on radiation oncology physicians' workload during go/no-go performance test
Mazur, L. M., Campbell, A., Comitz, E., Planting, D., Lowen, S., Mosaly, P. R., Belger, A., Chera, B. S., & Marks, L. B. (2017). Positive effects of neurofeedback intervention on radiation oncology physicians' workload during go/no-go performance test. Travail Humain, 80(1), 113-132. https://doi.org/10.3917/th.801.0113