• Journal Article

Positive Bias in Teenage Drivers With ADHD Within a Simulated Driving Task

Citation

Fabiano, G. A., Schatz, N. K., Hulme, K. F., Morris, K. L., Vujnovic, R. K., Willoughby, M., ... Pelham, W. E. (2015). Positive Bias in Teenage Drivers With ADHD Within a Simulated Driving Task. Journal of Attention Disorders, Advance Online Publication. DOI: 10.1177/1087054715616186

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Youth with ADHD exhibit positive bias, an overestimation of ability, relative to external indicators. The positive bias construct is understudied in adolescents, particularly in the domain of driving. Study is needed as youth with ADHD experience greater negative outcomes in driving relative to typically developing teens. METHOD: Positive bias on a driving simulator task was investigated with 172 teenagers with ADHD, combined type. Youth participated in a driving simulation task and rated driving performance afterward. RESULTS: Compared with external ratings of driving performance, youth overestimated driving competence for specific driving behaviors as well as globally. The global rating demonstrated a greater degree of positive bias. Greater positive bias on global ratings of driving ability also predicted greater rates of risky driving behaviors during the simulator exercise independent from disruptive behavior disorder symptoms. CONCLUSION: Results inform prevention and intervention efforts for teenage drivers with ADHD