• Journal Article

Overall and cause-specific mortality in a cohort of homo-/bisexual men, injecting drug users, and female partners of HIV-infected men. Pulmonary Complications of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Study Group

Citation

Poole, W., Fulkerson, W., Lou, Y., Kvale, P., Hopewell, P. C., Hirschtick, R., ... Markowitz, N. (1996). Overall and cause-specific mortality in a cohort of homo-/bisexual men, injecting drug users, and female partners of HIV-infected men. Pulmonary Complications of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection Study Group. AIDS, 10(11), 1257-1264.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To study the overall and cause-specific HIV-related mortality in a cohort of HIV-seropositive subjects according to transmission category, race/ethnicity, sex and severity of immunosuppression. DESIGN: A cohort of 1129 HIV-seropositive homo-/bisexual men, injecting drug users, and female partners of HIV-infected men were enrolled at six centers in San Francisco, Los Angeles, Chicago, Newark, Detroit and New York between 1 November 1988 and 1 November 1989. Subjects were evaluated every 6 months at least until 31 March 1994. METHODS: The analyses of overall mortality for the subgroups of interest were performed with Kaplan-Meier plots and Cox proportional hazards models. Cause-specific analyses were performed on the primary cause of death using rates per 100 person-years of exposure. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Baseline severity of immunosuppression is the strongest predictor of mortality. There were no statistically significant differences in overall HIV-related mortality among transmission categories, race/ethnicity groups or sexes. There were differences, however, in cause-specific mortality among the different risk groups