In this short note, we summarize findings from a forthcoming analysis for 39 countries with unusually large over-enrollment in the early primary grades. We investigate the scope of the problem, the underlying causes and some potential solutions. Our analysis reveals that this over-enrollment is explained primarily by excessive, sustained repetition in the early grades. This pattern results in substantial system inefficiencies and wastage. We discuss policy implications related to expansion of pre-primary education, improvement of quality in the early grades and allocation of resources.
Over-enrollment in the early grades
Merseth King, K., Crouch, L. A., Devercelli, A., Choj, M. J., Denboba, A., & Gurgel, A. (2019). Over-enrollment in the early grades. The World Bank. Early Learning Partnership Brief (Series) http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/286211552290431263/Over-Enrollment-in-the-Early-Grades