The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) develops performance standards for the unique equipment used by law enforcement and corrections agencies to test that equipment to provide confidence that it is safe and effective. NIJ published the first performance standard for ballistic-resistant police body armor in 1972 and established body armor compliance testing several years later. Today, the NIJ Compliance Testing Program provides confidence that body armor for use by law enforcement in the United States (U.S.) meets minimum performance requirements through standardized ballistic testing to the current NIJ Standard 0101.06, Ballistic Resistance of Body Armor, published in 2008. NIJ is currently working on the seventh revision to this performance standard anticipated to be published in 2018 as NIJ Standard 0101.07, which will include improved test methods for female body armor and updated body armor protection levels that incorporate additional rifle threats faced by U.S. law enforcement. NIJ and the U.S. Army have been cooperating to harmonize laboratory test procedures and practices in ASTM International (ASTM). Unlike the current and previous versions of the NIJ body armor standard which have been comprehensive, standalone documents, NIJ Standard 0101.07 will incorporate by reference a suite of standardized test methods and practices developed in ASTM. Incorporation of relevant ASTM standards by reference into NIJ standards and U.S. Army requirements and testing documents affords the opportunity to harmonize laboratory test procedures and practices for both law enforcement and military ballistic-resistant armor and other ballistic-resistant equipment while allowing those end user communities ultimate control over product specifications, such as the specific threats against which their equipment must protect. NIJ has also developed a standalone specification of ballistic threats to test ballisticresistant equipment for U.S. law enforcement applications, which will be incorporated into NIJ Standard 0101.07 for body armor as well as anticipated NIJ standards for ballistic-resistant helmets and ballistic-resistant shields.
The next revision of the NIJ performance standard for ballistic resistance of body armour, NIJ standard 0101.07: Changes to test methods and test threats
Greene, M. E., Horlick, J., Longhurst, D. A., Miller, L., O'Shea, T. M., Otterson, D., Robinson, C., Stoe, D. A., & Sundstrom, R. A. (2018). The next revision of the NIJ performance standard for ballistic resistance of body armour, NIJ standard 0101.07: Changes to test methods and test threats. In Proceedings of the Personal Armour Systems Symposium 2018 (1 ed.).  International Personal Armour Committee.
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