Neighborhood characteristics, food deserts, rurality, and type 2 diabetes in youth
Liese, A. D., Lamichhane, A. P., Garzia, S. C. A., Puett, R. C., Porter, D. E., Dabelea, D., ... Liu, L. (2018). Neighborhood characteristics, food deserts, rurality, and type 2 diabetes in youth: Findings from a case-control study. Health and Place, 50, 81-88. DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.01.004
Little is known about the influence of neighborhood characteristics on risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D) among youth. We used data from the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Case-Control Study to evaluate the association of neighborhood characteristics, including food desert status of the census tract, with T2D in youth. We found a larger proportion of T2D cases in tracts with lower population density, larger minority population, and lower levels of education, household income, housing value, and proportion of the population in a managerial position. However, most associations of T2D with neighborhood socioeconomic characteristics were attributable to differences in individual characteristics. Notably, in multivariate logistic regression models, T2D was associated with living in the least densely populated study areas, and this finding requires further exploration.