• Article

Municipal heat wave response plans

Approximately 400 people die from extreme heat each year in the United States, and the risk of heat waves may increase as a result of global climate change. Despite the risk of heat-related morbidity and mortality, many cities lack written heat response plans. In a review of plans from 18 cities at risk for heat-related mortality, we found that many cities had inadequate or no heat response plans. This is an important area for further investigation and government attention.


Bernard, SM., & McGeehin, M. (2004). Municipal heat wave response plans. American Journal of Public Health, 94(9), 1520-122.