• Journal Article

Memory for and experience of differential competitive behavior of individuals and groups

Citation

Pemberton, M. B., Insko, C. A., & Schopler, J. (1996). Memory for and experience of differential competitive behavior of individuals and groups. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 71(5), 953-966.

Abstract

Four experiments investigated whether differential experiences with groups and individuals led to previously obtained results of greater competitive expectations in intergroup than interindividual relations. In Experiment 1, participants rated their recalled instances of intergroup relations as more competitive than their interindividual relations. In Experiment 2, a relatively greater proportion of competitive to cooperative intergroup relations were recalled compared with interindividual relations. In Experiment 3, participants recorded relevant interactions for 7 days, and rated their intergroup relations as more competitive than their interindividual relations. In Experiment 4, participants recorded a relatively greater number of cooperative than competitive relations with individuals than with groups. These results can be interpreted as a demonstration in a nonlaboratory context that intergroup relations are more competitive than interindividual relations