Mapping the epidemiology of Kaposi Sarcoma and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma among children in Sub-Saharan Africa
Rees, C. A., Keating, E. M., Lukolyo, H., Danysh, H. E., Scheurer, M. E., Mehta, P. S., ... Baylor Pediat HIV-Related (2016). Mapping the epidemiology of Kaposi Sarcoma and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma among children in Sub-Saharan Africa: A review. Pediatric Blood and Cancer, 63(8), 1325-1331. DOI: 10.1002/pbc.26021
Children with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) have an increased risk of developing Kaposi Sarcoma (KS) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) compared to HIV-negative children. We compiled currently published epidemiologic data on KS and NHL among children in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Among countries with available data, the median incidence of KS was 2.05/100,000 in the general pediatric population and 67.35/100,000 among HIV-infected children. The median incidence of NHL was 1.98/100,000 among the general pediatric population, while data on NHL incidence among HIV-infected children were lacking. Larger regional studies are needed to better address the dearth of epidemiologic information on pediatric KS and NHL in SSA. (C) 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.