Long-term consequences of foodborne infections
Batz, M. B., Henke, E., & Kowalcyk, B. (2013). Long-term consequences of foodborne infections: Foodborne Illness: Latest Threats and Emerging Issues. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America, 27(3), 599-616. DOI: 10.1016/j.idc.2013.05.003
Foodborne infections with Campylobacter, E. coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella, Shigella, Toxoplasma gondii, and other pathogens can result in long-term sequelae to numerous organ systems. These include irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease, reactive arthritis, hemolytic uremic syndrome, chronic kidney disease, Guillain-Barre Syndrome, neurological disorders from acquired and congenital listeriosis and toxoplasmosis, and cognitive and developmental deficits due to diarrheal malnutrition or severe acute illness. A full understanding of the long-term sequelae of foodborne infection is important both for individual patient management by clinicians, as well as to inform food safety and public health decision making.