Locomotor stimulant effects of novel phenyltropanes in the mouse
Kimmel, H. L., Carroll, F., & Kuhar, M. J. (2001). Locomotor stimulant effects of novel phenyltropanes in the mouse. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 65(1), 25-36.
With the hypothesis that 3-phenyltropane analogs of cocaine might be useful as cocaine medications, 17 analogs (RTI-51, RTI-55, RTI-108, RTI-112, RTI-113, RTI-116, RTI-120, RTI-121, RTI-126, RTI-139, RTI-141, RTI-150, RTI-171, RTI-177, RTI-199, RTI-204, and RTI-219) were characterized for their potency and selectivity at the monoamine transporters in a previous study. Based on their affinities to the transporters in this earlier study, the analogs were classified as nonselective (cocaine, RTI-51, RTI-55, RTI-108, RTI-112. RTI-116, RTI-126, and RTI-139) or dopamine transporter (DAT) selective (RTI-113, RTI-120, RTI-121, RTI-141, RTI-150, RTI-171, RTI-177, RTI-199, RTI-204, and RTI-219). In the present study, the locomotor stimulating effects of these analogs were compared to those of cocaine to obtain a measure of in vivo activity. Each analog was more potent than cocaine in the in vivo assay, as observed in the earlier in vitro studies. Most of these compounds were as efficacious as cocaine, but RTI-51. RTI-108, RTI-113, RTI-121, RTI-139, RTI-141, RTI-177, RTI-204, and RTI-219 were longer acting. Although no correlation between chemical structure and transporter selectivity was found, the short-acting DAT-selective analogs, RTI-120, RTI-150, RTI-171, and RT1-199, all contained a methyl group in the X position of the WIN 35,065-2 molecule. The positive correlation of the IC(50)s for the DAT to potencies for increasing locomotor activity suggested that binding to DAT was responsible for some, if not most, of the locomotor effects of these compounds. Several compounds, including RTI-113 and RTI-177, exhibited properties ideal for medications for cocaine abusers, such as an equivalent efficacy, a higher potency, and a longer duration of action as compared to cocaine. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved