Leisure Constraints for Adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa: A Qualitative Study
Palen, L-A., Patrick, M. E., Gleeson, S. L., Caldwell, L. L., Smith, E. A., Wegner, L., & Flisher, A. J. (2010). Leisure Constraints for Adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa: A Qualitative Study. Leisure Sciences, 32(5), 434-452.
This study identified leisure constraints, constraints negotiation strategies, and their relative frequencies among 114 high school students from one under-resourced area of South Africa. Through focus group discussions, participants identified intrapersonal, interpersonal, structural, and sociocultural constraints to leisure, suggesting some degree of universality in this previously documented typology. Intrapersonal constraints were mentioned most often. Whereas participants readily identified ways to overcome interpersonal and structural constraints, strategies for overcoming intrapersonal and sociocultural constraints were not mentioned frequently, suggesting a potential need to help adolescents identify and employ these types of strategies