This study examined which socio-demographic factors are associated with susceptibility (lack of commitment to avoid future use), past-12-month and past-30-day use of JUUL and other e-cigarettes, and reasons for and against using JUUL. An online survey of 3,075 Californians ages 15-29, including 24.3% who identified as LGBTQ, were recruited via social media in January-March 2019. Multi-level weighted logistic regression models suggest that LGBTQ participants were more likely to be susceptible to JUUL [AOR = 2.11 (1.60, 2.79) (parentheses include 95% Confidence Intervals)] and other e-cigarettes [AOR = 2.31 (1.75, 3.05)], and more likely to use JUUL [AOR = 1.27 (1.02, 1.58)] and other e-cigarettes [AOR = 1.66 (1.35, 2.05)] in the past 12 months. Susceptibility to using JUUL was more likely among adolescents (ages 15-17) [AOR = 1.72 (1.30, 2.28)] and young adults (ages 18-20) [AOR = 1.26 (1.00,1.58)] than adults (ages 21-29). At the community level, living in jurisdictions with higher median household income was associated with a higher likelihood of being susceptible to using JUUL and other e-cigarettes. Compared to non-Hispanic Whites, Asian/Pacific Islanders were less likely to use JUUL [AOR = 0.68 (0.54, 0.86)] and other e-cigarettes [AOR = 0.60 (0.48, 0.76)] in the past 12 months. Past-30-day JUUL use was more likely among males than females [AOR = 1.44 (1.11, 1.88)]. Common reasons for using JUUL were: friends' use, flavors, "safer" than cigarettes, no one will notice, and nicotine rush is greater than other devices. Common reasons against using JUUL were: harmful to self/others, contains nicotine and is addictive. E-cigarette prevention and cessation efforts should include tailored messaging for people who identify as LGBTQ and reinforce reasons for not vaping nicotine.
JUUL and other e-cigarettes
Socio-demographic factors associated with use and susceptibility in California
Mathur Gaiha, S., Halpern-Felsher, B., Feld, A. L., Gaber, J., Rogers, T., & Henriksen, L. (2021). JUUL and other e-cigarettes: Socio-demographic factors associated with use and susceptibility in California. Preventive Medicine Reports, 23, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101457