Isosilybin B causes androgen receptor degradation in human prostate carcinoma cells via PI3K-Akt-Mdm2-mediated pathway
The identification and development of novel nontoxic phytochemicals that target androgen and androgen receptor (AR) signaling remains a priority for prostate cancer (PCA) control. In the present study, we assessed the antiandrogenic efficacy of isosilybin B employing human PCA LNCaP (mutated AR), 22Rv1 (mutated AR) and LAPC4 (wild-type AR) cells. Isosilybin B (10–90 M) treatment decreased the AR and prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels in LNCaP, 22Rv1 and LAPC4 cells, but not in non-neoplastic human prostate epithelial PWR-1E cells. Isosilybin B treatment also inhibited synthetic androgen R1881-induced nuclear localization of AR, PSA expression and cell growth, and caused G1 arrest. In mechanistic studies identifying AR degradation, isosilybin B caused increased phosphorylation of Akt (Ser-473 and Thr-308) and Mdm2 (Ser-166), which was linked with AR degradation as pretreatment with PI3K inhibitor (LY294002)-restored AR level. Further, overexpression of kinase-dead Akt largely reversed isosilybin B mediated-AR degradation suggesting a critical role of Akt in AR degradation. Antibody pull-down results also indicated that isosilybin B treatment enhances the formation of complex between Akt, Mdm2 and AR, which promotes phosphorylation-dependent AR ubiquitination and its degradation by proteasome. Together, present findings identify a novel mechanism for isosilybin B-mediated anticancer effects in human PCA cells.