Isolation and characterization of light-regulated phycobilisome linker polypeptide genes and their transcription as a polycistronic mRNA
Lomax, T., Conley, P. B., Schilling, J., & Grossman, A. R. (1987). Isolation and characterization of light-regulated phycobilisome linker polypeptide genes and their transcription as a polycistronic mRNA. Journal of Bacteriology, 169(6), 2675-2684.
Several cyanobacteria adjust both the phycobiliprotein and linker protein composition of the phycobilisome, a light-harvesting complex in cyanobacteria and some eucaryotic algae, to maximize absorption of prevalent wavelengths of light. This process is called complementary chromatic adaptation. We sequenced the amino terminus of a linker polypeptide which is associated with phycocyanin and accumulates to high levels during growth of the cyanobacterium Fremyella diplosiphon in red light. A mixed oligonucleotide encoding a region of this amino terminus was synthesized and used to identify a fragment of F. diplosiphon genomic DNA encoding the linker polypeptide. This linker gene was located between two other linker genes and contiguous to the red-light-induced phycocyanin gene set. Sequences of all three linker genes are presented. These genes were transcribed together onto a large polycistronic mRNA which also encoded the red-light-induced phycocyanin subunits. The relationship of this transcript to the biogenesis of the phycobilisome when F. diplosiphon is grown under different conditions of illumination is discussed