Ion trap collisional activation of the (M + 2H)2+ - (M + 17H)17+ ions of human hemoglobin beta-chain
Schaaff, T. G., Cargile, B., Stephenson, J., & McLuckey, S. A. (2000). Ion trap collisional activation of the (M + 2H)2+ - (M + 17H)17+ ions of human hemoglobin beta-chain. Analytical Chemistry, 72(5), 899-907.
The parent ions of human hemoglobin beta-chain ranging in charge from 2+ to 17+ have been subjected to ion trap collisional activation. The highest charge-state ions (17+ to 13+) yielded series of products arising from dissociation of adjacent residues. The intermediate charge-state ions (12+ to 5+) tended to fragment preferentially at the N-terminal sides of proline residues and the C-terminal sides of acidic residues. Many, but not all, of the possible cleavages at proline, aspartic acid, and glutamic acid residues were represented in the spectra. The lowest charge-state ions were difficult to dissociate with high efficiency and yielded spectra with poorly defined product ion signals. This observation is attributed to sequential fragmentations arising from losses of small molecules such as water and/or ammonia. The poor fragmentation efficiency observed for the low charge states is due at least in part to the low trapping wells used to store the ions. Higher ion stabilities due to lower Coulombic repulsion and charges being sequestered at highly basic sites may also play an important role. Ion/ion proton-transfer reactions involving protein parent ions allows for the formation of a wide range of parent ion charge states. In addition, the ion/ion proton-transfer reactions involving protein dissociation products simplify interpretation of the product ion spectra