Ion requirements for taurocholate transport by ileal brush border membrane vesicles
The ion requirements for intestinal taurocholate transport were studied using vesicles prepared from the brush borders of guinea pig small intestines. For each experimental electrolyte, parallel uptake experiments were performed with vesicles from jejunal and ileal brush border membranes to differentiate between uptake by passive fluxes and non-specific binding and uptake by the ileal bile salt active transport system. Uptake of taurocholate prior to the addition of electrolyte was the same for vesicles prepared from jejunal and ileal tissue. During the presence of a sodium gradient (extravesicular concentration greater than intravesicular), only ileal vesicles displayed the enhanced uptake which is characteristic of the overshoot phenomenon. When NaCl was replaced by KCl or LiCl, the overshoot was not observed. Replacement of NaCl with NaCNS, Na2SO4, or NaSO3C2H4OH, however, resulted in no significant difference in the initial uptake values observed in either the jejunal or ileal vesicles. This pattern of taurocholate transport independence of relative anion permeability differs from the pattern observed by others for the Na+ dependent transport of D-glucose by intestinal brush border membrane vesicles. This difference may be attributed in part to the fact that, unlike the situation with glucose, the binding of a taurocholate anion and a sodium cation by the hypothetical carrier would result in an electroneutral addition.