Increased toll-like receptor (TLR) mRNA expression in monocytes is a feature of metabolic syndrome in adolescents
Hardy, O. T., Kim, A., Ciccarelli, C., Hayman, L. L., & Wiecha, J. (2013). Increased toll-like receptor (TLR) mRNA expression in monocytes is a feature of metabolic syndrome in adolescents. Pediatric Obesity, 8(1), e19-e23. DOI: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00098.x
Background<br>Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) is diagnosed frequently in some but not all overweight adolescents. Chronic inflammation, as seen in obesity, is strongly associated with MetSyn.<br>Objectives<br>The aim of this pilot study was to assess the correlation between activation of the innate immune system and MetSyn, independent of body mass index (BMI), in a young population.<br>Methods<br>We quantitatively measured both systemic pro-inflammatory cytokines and gene expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and downstream cytokines in circulating monocytes obtained from nine adolescents with metabolic syndrome (Overwt-MetSyn) and eight BMI-matched controls (Overwt-Healthy).<br>Results<br>The Overwt-MetSyn group demonstrated a significant elevation in expression of TLR2, TLR4, tumour necrosis factor-a (TNF a) and interleukin-6 (IL6) in peripheral monocytes, and increased circulating levels of TNF a and IL6 when compared with the Overwt-Healthy group. TLR2 (r?=?0.78, P?<?0.001), TLR4 (r?=?0.57, P?<?0.01) and TNF a (r?=?0.61, P?<?0.01) gene expression positively correlated with serum levels of TNF a.<br>Conclusions<br>Our study suggests that activation of the innate immune pathway via TLRs may be partially responsible for the increased systemic inflammation seen in adolescents with MetSyn.