• Journal Article

The Importance of Romantic and Work Relations on Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use Among Adults

Citation

Dollar, C. B., & Hendrix, J. (2015). The Importance of Romantic and Work Relations on Nonmedical Prescription Drug Use Among Adults. Sociological Spectrum, 35(5), 465-481. DOI: 10.1080/02732173.2015.1064800

Abstract

Drawing from Sampson and Laub's age-graded theory, we examine whether the presence and quality of social bonds influences nonmedical usage of prescription drugs (opioids, tranquilizers, sedatives, and stimulants). We analyze data from a large and nationally representative sample of adults from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health). Results from a series of logistic regression models indicate that married individuals are significantly less likely to use prescription drugs nonmedically than non-married persons. However, romantic relational satisfaction is also salient; cohabiters who are highly satisfied with their romantic unions are less likely to report misuse than cohabiters who are less satisfied in their relationships. Additionally, being highly satisfied at work predicts a lower likelihood of misuse, but only among cohabiters. Overall, age-graded theory is useful for understanding nonmedical prescription drug use, although romantic relationship bonds are generally more consistently influential than employment bonds. These results add to a growing knowledge base regarding patterns of nonmedical prescription drug use