• Journal Article

Immediate and short-term effects of the 5Th grade version of the keepin' it REAL Substance Use Prevention Intervention

Citation

Hecht, M., Elek, E., Wagstaff, D. A., Kam, J. A., Marsiglia, F., Dustman, P., ... Harthun, M. (2008). Immediate and short-term effects of the 5Th grade version of the keepin' it REAL Substance Use Prevention Intervention. Journal of Drug Education, 38(3), 225-251. DOI: 10.2190/DE.38.3.c

Abstract

This study assessed the immediate and short-term outcomes of adapting a culturally-grounded middle school program, keepin' it REAL, for elementary school students. After curriculum adaptation, 10 schools were randomly assigned to the intervention in 5th grade with follow-up boosters in 6th grade; 13 schools were randomly assigned to the control condition, implementing the school's pre-existing substance use prevention programming. Students (n = 1,566) completed a questionnaire prior to curriculum implementation and follow-up questionnaires toward the end of 5th and 6th grade. The 5th grade kiR curriculum generally appeared no more effective than the control schools' programming in changing students' resistance or decision-making skills; substance use intentions, expectancies, or normative beliefs; or lifetime and recent substance use. Such findings have implications for the age appropriateness of school-based programs