• Article

Identification of the alpha IIb beta 3 integrin in murine tumor cells

Previously, we have identified an alpha IIb beta 3-like integrin in tumor cells by using antibodies against platelet alpha IIb beta 3. However, alpha IIb beta 3 was considered to be expressed strictly in megakaryocyte lineage cells. In order to resolve this controversy, the alpha IIb beta 3-like integrin in murine B16 amelanotic melanoma (B16a) cells was characterized at DNA, RNA, and protein levels. The presence of alpha 5, alpha v, alpha IIb, beta 1, and beta 3 genes in B16a cells was confirmed by Southern analysis. mRNAs for all these integrins except alpha v were detectable by Northern blotting. The alpha IIb beta 3 protein was identified by Western blotting using subunit-specific antibodies and by immunoprecipitation using complex-specific antibody. The alpha IIb beta 3 integrin was localized intracellularly by immunocytochemistry. Finally, alpha IIb and beta 3 mRNAs were amplified by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and the identity of alpha IIb was verified by sequencing. Partial DNA and deduced amino acid sequence analysis showed that B16a alpha IIb shares approximately 80% homology with the human alpha IIb and approximately 90% homology with the rat alpha IIb, whereas B16a alpha IIb shares only approximately 26% homology with the human alpha v. These experiments indicate that the alpha IIb beta 3-like protein in B16a cells is the authentic alpha IIb beta 3 and demonstrate, for the first time, that integrin alpha IIb beta 3 is not confined to megakaryocyte lineage cells

Citation

Chen, Y. Q., Gao, X., Timar, J., Tang, D., Grossi, I., Chelladurai, M., ... Honn, K. V. (1992). Identification of the alpha IIb beta 3 integrin in murine tumor cells. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 267(24), 17314-17320.