Human immunodeficiency virus testing for patient-based and population-based diagnosis
Laboratory testing for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has been introduced for individual patient-based diagnosis as well as high-risk and low-risk population-based screening. The choice of test, confirmatory algorithm, and interpretative criteria used depend on the clinical setting. In the context of general population-based testing, factors affecting test performance will have to be considered carefully in the development of testing policy
Albritton, W. L., Vittinghoff, E., & Padian, N. (1996). Human immunodeficiency virus testing for patient-based and population-based diagnosis. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 174 Suppl 2:S176-81., S176-S181.