Health and Oral Health Care Needs and Health Care-Seeking Behavior Among Homeless Injection Drug Users in San Francisco
Robbins, J. L., Wenger, L., Lorvick, J., Shiboski, C., & Kral, A. (2010). Health and Oral Health Care Needs and Health Care-Seeking Behavior Among Homeless Injection Drug Users in San Francisco. Journal of Urban Health, 87(6), 920-930.
Few existing studies have examined health and oral health needs and treatment-seeking behavior among the homeless and injection drug users (ID Us) This paper describes the prevalence and correlates of health and oral health care needs and treatment-seeking behaviors in homeless ID Us recruited in San Francisco, California, from 2003 to 2005 (N=340) We examined sociodemographic characteristics, drug use patterns, HIV status via oral fluid testing, physical health using the Short Form 12 Physical Component Score, self reported needs for physical and oral health care and the self-reported frequency of seeking medical and oral health care The sample had a lower health status as compared to the general population and reported a frequent need for physical and oral health care In bivariate analysis, being in methadone treatment was associated with care-seeking behavior In addition, being enrolled in Medi Cal California s state Medicaid program, was associated with greater odds of seeking physical and oral health care Methamphetamine use was not associated with higher odds of needing oral health care as compared to people who reported using other illicit drugs Homeless IDUs in San Francisco have a large burden of unmet health and oral health needs Recent cuts in Medi Cal's adult dental coverage may result in a greater burden of oral health care which will need to be provided by emergency departments and neighborhood dental clinics