Geometry-affinity relationships of the selective serotonin receptor ligand 9-(aminomethyl)-9,10-dihydroanthracene
With the exception of its two aromatic rings and basic nitrogen atom, 9-(aminomethyl)-9,10-dihydroanthracene (AMDA; 1) is remarkably devoid of the pharmacophore features usually associated with high-affinity receptor ligands such as the heteroatom hydrogen bonding features of the endogenous ligand serotonin. AMDA does contain a phenylethylamine skeleton within a tricyclic ring system, and the presence of the second aromatic group is necessary for optimal receptor affinity. The structural requirements for the binding of AMDA at 5-HT2A receptors were investigated with respect to the geometric relationship between the two aromatic rings. It appears that the geometry of the AMDA parent is in the optimal range for fold angle between aromatic moieties. Evaluation of conformationally constrained derivatives of AMDA suggests that a chain extended trans, gauche form is most likely responsible for high affinity.