Fracture rate associated with quality metric-based anti-osteoporosis treatment in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis
Overman, R. A., Gourlay, M. L., Deal, C. L., Farley, J. F., Brookhart, M. A., & Layton, J. B. (2015). Fracture rate associated with quality metric-based anti-osteoporosis treatment in glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis. Osteoporos Int. , 26(6), 1515-24. DOI: 10.1007/s00198-014-3022-9
Anti-osteoporosis medication (AOM) use in patients exposed to glucocorticoids is thought to reduce fractures. We found post-menopausal women using glucocorticoids for at least 90 days who also used an AOM within 90 days had 48 % fewer fractures by 1 year and 32 % fewer fractures by 3 years compared to non-AOM users.
The purpose of this study is to explore the effectiveness of adherence to quality measures by estimating the effect of anti-osteoporosis medication (AOM) initiation within 90 days after chronic (≥90 days) glucocorticoid (GC) therapy on osteoporotic fracture.
A new-user cohort was assembled using the MarketScan databases between 2000 and 2012. Included patients were female, age ≥50 at GC initiation, had a first GC fill daily dose ≥10 mg and persisted for at least 90 days. During a 365-day baseline period, patients were excluded for prior GC or AOM (bisphosphonate, denosumab, teriparatide) use, fracture, or cancer diagnosis. Initiators of an AOM in the 14 days pre- or 90 days post-GC fill were characterized as AOM users; those without, AOM non-users. Follow-up began 91 days after GC fill with patients followed until fracture, loss of continuous enrollment, initiation of AOM by AOM non-users, or end of study period. A propensity score was estimated for AOM receipt using all measured covariates and converted to a stabilized inverse probability of treatment weights (IPTW). Weighted hazard ratios (HR) and associated 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were estimated using weighted Cox proportional hazard models.
Of the 7885 women eligible for the study, 12.1% were AOM users. AOM use was associated with lower fracture incidence: weighted HR of 0.52 (95% CI 0.29, 0.94) at 1 year and weighted HR of 0.68 (95% CI 0.47, 0.99) at 3 years.
AOM initiation within 90 days of chronic GC use was associated with a fracture reduction of 48% at 1 year and 32% at 3 years.