Experimental observation of two massless Dirac-fermion gases in graphene-topological insulator heterostructure
Bian, G., Chung, T-F., Chen, C., Liu, C., Chang, T-R., Wu, T., Belopolski, I., Zheng, H., Xu, S-Y., Sanchez, D. S., Alidoust, N., Pierce, J., Quilliams, A. B., Barletta, P., Lorcy, S., Avila, J., Chang, G., Lin, H., Jeng, H-T., ... Hasan, M. Z. (2016). Experimental observation of two massless Dirac-fermion gases in graphene-topological insulator heterostructure. 2D Materials, 3(2), Article 021009. https://doi.org/10.1088/2053-1583/3/2/021009
Graphene and topological insulators (TI) possess two-dimensional (2D) Dirac fermions with distinct physical properties. Integrating these two Dirac materials in a single device creates interesting opportunities for exploring new physics of interacting massless Dirac fermions. Here we report on a practical route to experimental fabrication of graphene–Sb2Te3 heterostructure. The graphene–TI heterostructures are prepared by using a dry transfer of chemical-vapor-deposition grown graphene film. ARPES measurements confirm the coexistence of topological surface states of Sb2Te3 and Dirac π bands of graphene, and identify the twist angle in the graphene–TI heterostructure. The results suggest a potential tunable electronic platform in which two different Dirac low-energy states dominate the transport behavior.