Evaluation of 1,1,1-trichloroethane and flurothyl locomotor effects following diazepam treatment in mice
Wiley, J., Fagalde, R. E., Buhler, K. G., LaVecchia, K. L., & Balster, R. L. (2002). Evaluation of 1,1,1-trichloroethane and flurothyl locomotor effects following diazepam treatment in mice. Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior, 71(1-2), 163-169.
The abused volatile solvent 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCE) shares many acute behavioral effects with central nervous system (CNS) depressants; however, demonstration of tolerance to these effects has been difficult. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the development of TCE-induced changes in locomotor activity in mice following repeated injections with diazepam. In the initial concentration-effect curve determinations, diazepam decreased locomotor activity at all doses tested and TCE produced a biphasic effect, increasing locomotor activity at lower concentrations with return to control levels at a high (16,000 ppm) concentration. Flurothyl, a vapor with convulsive properties, had no pronounced effects on locomotor activity at subconvulsant concentrations. Following four daily injections with vehicle or with 10 mg/kg/day diazepam, mice were administered the same concentration of drug/inhalant that they received initially and were retested for locomotor activity effects. Concentration-effect curves for diazepam and flurothyl were not altered by this modest regimen of repeated dosing with diazepam. In contrast, sensitization to the locomotor-stimulating effects of TCE was observed in diazepam-treated mice, but not in vehicle-treated mice. These results suggest that the development of sensitization to TCE involves common mechanisms with those that are affected by repeated dosing with the CNS depressant diazepam. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved