Effects of Ethanol and Toluene on Fixed-Ratio Performance in Short Sleep and Long Sleep Mice
Balster, R. L., Wiley, J., Tokarz, M. E., & Knisely, J. S. (1992). Effects of Ethanol and Toluene on Fixed-Ratio Performance in Short Sleep and Long Sleep Mice. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 31(1), 65-75.
This study examined the effects of ethanol (EtOH) and toluene on fixed-ratio (FR) responding in mice selectively bred for sensitivity to the effects of EtOH on sleep time. Although the more sensitive long sleep (LS) mice showed greater EtOH-induced impairment in a motor performance task than did the less sensitive short sleep (SS) mice, changes in FR performance in the two lines did not differ in response to EtOH, regardless of route (oral or intraperitoneaL) or time (40 vs. 60 min pre-session) of administration. These results emphasize the importance of considering task variables in determination of the behaVIor of different genotypes. In contrast to results with ETOH, the volatile inhalant toluene produced different effects on FR responding in the selected lines, with SS mice being more sensitive than LS mice