The objective of this study was to analyze the effectiveness and cost of patient incentives, together with patient navigation and patient reminders, to increase fecal immunochemical test (FIT) kit return rates and colorectal cancer screening uptake in one federally qualified health center (FQHC) in Appalachia. This FQHC is a designated homeless clinic, as 79.7% of its patient population are homeless. We collected process, outcome, and cost data from the FQHC for two time periods: usual care (September 2016-August 2017) and implementation (September 2017-September 2018). We reported the FIT kit return rate, the increase in return rate, and the additional number of individual screens. We also calculated the incremental cost per additional screen. The patient incentive program, with patient navigation and patient reminders, increased the number of FIT kits returned from the usual care period to the implementation period. The return rate increased by 25.9 percentage points (from 21.7% to 47.6%) with an additional 91 people screened at an incremental cost of $134.61 per screen. A patient incentive program, together with the assistance of patient navigators and supplemented with patient reminders, can help improve CRC screening uptake among vulnerable and homeless populations.
The effectiveness and cost to improve colorectal cancer screening in a federally qualified homeless clinic in eastern Kentucky
Hardin, V., Tangka, F. K. L., Wood, T., Boisseau, B., Hoover, S., DeGroff, A., Boehm, J., & Subramanian, S. (2020). The effectiveness and cost to improve colorectal cancer screening in a federally qualified homeless clinic in eastern Kentucky. Health Promotion Practice, 21(6), 905-909. . https://doi.org/10.1177/1524839920954165