Effect of e-liquid flavor on electronic cigarette topography and consumption behavior in a 2-week natural environment switching study
Robinson, R. J., Hensel, E. C., al-Olayan, A. A., Nonnemaker, J. M., & Lee, Y. O. (2018). Effect of e-liquid flavor on electronic cigarette topography and consumption behavior in a 2-week natural environment switching study. PLoS One, 13(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0196640
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) offer an alternate means to consume nicotine in a variety of flavored aerosols. Data are needed to better understand the impact of flavors on use behavior. A natural environment observational study was conducted on experienced ENDS users to measure the effect of e-liquid flavor on topography and consumption behavior. The RIT wPUM (TM) monitor was used to record to record the date and time and puff topography (flow rate, volume, duration) for every puff taken by N = 34 participants over the course of two weeks. All participants used tobacco flavor for one week, and either berry or menthol flavor for one week. Results provide strong evidence that flavor affects the topography behaviors of mean puff flow rate and mean puff volume, and there is insufficient evidence to support an influence of flavor on mean puff duration and mean puff interval. There was insufficient evidence, due to the low power associated with the limited number of observation days, to establish a relationship between flavor and cumulative consumption behavior. While the results indicate that an effect may be evident, additional observation days are required to establish significance.