The economic implications of self-care: The effect of lifestyle, functional adaptations, and medical self-care among a national sample of medicare beneficiaries
Objectives. Self-care includes actions taken by individuals to promote or ensure their health, to recover from diseases or injuries, or to manage their effects. This study measured associations between self-care practices (lifestyle practices, adaptations to functional limitations, and medical self-care) and Medicare expenditures among a national sample of adults 65 years and older. Methods. Regression models of Medicare use and expenditures were estimated by using the National Survey of Self-Care and Aging and Medicare claims for 4 years following a baseline interview. Results. Lifestyle factors (swimming and walking) and functional adaptations (general home modifications) were associated with reductions in monthly Medicare expenditures over a 12-month follow-up period. Expenditure reductions were found over the 48-month follow-up period for participation in active sports, gardening, and medical self-care. Practices associated with increases in expenditures included smoking, physical exercise (possibly of a more strenuous nature), and specific home modifications. Conclusions. Certain self-care practices appear to have significant implications for Medicare expenditures and presumptively for the health status of older adults. Such practices should be encouraged among older adults as a matter of national health policy
Stearns, SC., Bernard, S., Fasick, SB., Schwartz, R., Konrad, TR., Ory, MG., & DeFriese, GH. (2000). The economic implications of self-care: The effect of lifestyle, functional adaptations, and medical self-care among a national sample of medicare beneficiaries. American Journal of Public Health, 90(10), 1608-1612.