Economic burden of contrast-induced nephropathy: Implications for prevention strategies
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is the third most common cause of hospital-acquired acute renal failure. Three is increasing evidnce that CIN has a significant adverse impact on patient morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to estimate the in-hospital and 1-year direct healthcare costs related to CIN. Using the values obtained from the literature review, a decision analytic model was developed to estimate the in-hospital and 1-year costs of CIN. Patients who develop CIN are more likely to experience adverse events, to undergo prolonged dialysis, to have longer hospital and intensive care unit stays and to have higher mortality rates. The average in-hospital cost of CIN is $10,345. The 1-year cost of treating a patient with CIN is $11,812. Overall, the economic burden associated with CIN is high. Adopting targeted interventions will reduce the incidence of ICN and its overall economic burden.