• Journal Article

Early Symptom Improvement and Discontinuation of 5-alpha-Reductase Inhibitor (5ARI) Therapy in Patients With Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)

Citation

Kruep, E. J., Phillips, E., Hogue, S., & Eaddy, M. (2014). Early Symptom Improvement and Discontinuation of 5-alpha-Reductase Inhibitor (5ARI) Therapy in Patients With Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 48(3), 343-348. DOI: 10.1177/1060028013514213

Abstract

Background: Pharmacological treatment options for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) commonly include a-blocker (AB) and 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor (SARI) agents, which have separate but important attributes that carry clinical implications in terms of improvement of lower-urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and clinical disease progression. Objectives: This study hypothesized that administering AB therapy concomitantly with newly started 5ARI treatment would reduce the likelihood of 5ARI discontinuation through early symptom improvement. Methods: This retrospective analysis of the PharMetrics Integrated Medical and Pharmaceutical Database included men aged >= 50 years with >= 1 medical claim of BPH diagnosis and >= 1 prescription claim of a 5ARI with or without an AB. Patients initiating 5ARI monotherapy were propensity score matched with patients initiating combination AB + 5ARI therapy (1: I), with 5ARI time to discontinuation (30-day gap in treatment) compared between groups utilizing survival analysis techniques. The percentage of patients adherent to 5ARI therapy based on medication possession ratio (MPR) was assessed. Results: After 180 days of follow-up, 61.7% of the combination therapy arm versus 59.2% of the monotherapy arm remained on therapy. Combination therapy patients were 10% less likely to discontinue SARI treatment (hazard ratio = 0.904; P = .006) and were more likely to be adherent when adherence was defined as MPR >= 70% and >= 75%. Conclusions: Based on an assessment of claims data, initiating AB with 5ARI therapy is associated with a lower rate of 5ARI discontinuation compared with 5ARI monotherapy. Early symptom relief from AB therapy may contribute to a lower discontinuation rate for concomitant 5ARI therapy