• Journal Article

Developmental toxicity study of sodium molybdate dihydrate administered in the diet to sprague dawley rats

Citation

Murray, F. J., Tyl, R., Sullivan, F. M., Tiwary, A. K., & Carey, S. (2014). Developmental toxicity study of sodium molybdate dihydrate administered in the diet to sprague dawley rats. Reproductive Toxicology, 49, 202-208. DOI: 10.1016/j.reprotox.2014.09.001

Abstract

Molybdenum is an essential nutrient for humans and animals and is a constituent of several important oxidase enzymes. It is normally absorbed from the diet and to a lesser extent from drinking water and the typical human intake is around 2mug/kg bodyweight per day. No developmental toxicity studies to contemporary standards have been published and regulatory decisions have been based primarily on older studies where the nature of the test material, or the actual dose levels consumed are uncertain. In the current study the developmental toxicity of sodium molybdate dihydrate as a representative of a broad class of soluble molybdenum(VI) compounds, was given in the diet to Sprague Dawley rats in accordance with OECD Test Guideline 414. Dose levels of 0, 3, 10, 20 and 40mg Mo/kg bodyweight/day were administered from GD6 to GD20. No adverse effects were observed at any dose level on the dams, or on embryofetal survival, fetal bodyweight, or development, with no increase in malformations or variations. Significant increases in serum and tissue copper levels were observed but no toxicity related to these was observed. The NOAEL observed in this study was 40mg Mo/kg bodyweight/day, the highest dose tested