Developmental neurotoxicity evaluation of orally administered isopropanol in rats
Isopropanol was administered by gavage to timed-mated rats from Gestation Day (GD) 6 through Postnatal Day (PND) 21. Doses administered were 0, 200, 700, or 1200 mg/kg/day in a volume of 5 ml/kg. The dams were allowed to deliver and body weights and food consumption were recorded during gestation and lactation. Pups were counted, examined, sexed, and weighed on PND 0, 4, 7, 13, 17, 21, 36, 49, and 68. Litters were culled to eight pups (4:4 or 5:3 sex ratio) on PND 4 and litters without acceptable numbers of male and female pups were eliminated from the study. Pups were weaned on PND 22, and two pups from each litter and their dams were killed. Six of these pups from each dose group were perfused in situ for histopathological examination of the central and peripheral nervous system. Brains of the remaining pups were divided into four regions and weighed. Maternal liver and kidney weights were recorded. Weaned pups were assessed for day of testes descent or vaginal opening and for motor activity on PNDs 13, 17, 21, 47, and 58; auditory startle on PNDs 22 and 60; and active avoidance on PNDs 60-64. These pups were euthanized and examined on PND 68. One high-dose dam died on PND 15, but there were no other clinical observations or effects on maternal weight, food consumption, or gestation length. Pup survival, weight, sex ratio, and sexual maturation were unaffected. There were no biologically significant findings in the behavioral tests, no changes in organ weights, and no pathological findings that could be attributed to isopropanol exposure. In conclusion, there was no evidence of developmental neurotoxicity associated with isopropanol exposure as high as 1200 mg/kg/day
Bates, H., McKee, RH., Bieler, G., Gardiner, TH., Gill, MW., Strother, DE., & Masten, LW. (1994). Developmental neurotoxicity evaluation of orally administered isopropanol in rats. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology, 22(1), 152-158.