Development of high-efficiency Al0.2Ga0.8As solar cells and interconnect schemes for Al0.2Ga0.8As/Si mechanically-stacked cascade cells
Venkatasubramanian, R., Timmons, M. L., Colpitts, T. S., Hancock, J., Hills, J., Hutchby, J. A., ... Chu, C. L. (1993). Development of high-efficiency Al0.2Ga0.8As solar cells and interconnect schemes for Al0.2Ga0.8As/Si mechanically-stacked cascade cells. In Twenty Third IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference--1993, Louisville, KY, May 10-14, 1993, pp. 752–756. .
Al0.2Ga0.8As/Si mechanically-stacked cascade cells offer potential AMO power conversion efficiencies >25 percent. The demonstration of a high-performance stack requires three critical components, a high efficiency (≃18 percent) Al0.2Ga0.8As top cell, a high-conductance interconnect, and a high-efficiency Si bottom cell. In this work, the authors present the development of a 17 percent (active-area) efficient p+-n Al0.2Ga0.8As solar cell. The cell has a Voc of 1.22 V, a Jsc of 21.8 mA/cm2 , and a fill factor of 0.865. The Al0.2Ga0.8As cells were grown by low-pressure organometallic vapor phase epitaxy. The introduction of an undoped spacer layer between the n-base and the p+-emitter is found to improve the fill factor and the red response of the cells. Second, they report an interconnect scheme for the mechanical stacking of the AlGaAs cells onto a Si substrate. The technique involves an eutectic-metal-bond (EMB) using a Au/Sn/Au metallization between GaAs (contact layer to the base of the AlGaAs cell) and Si. Preliminary evaluation of this EMB interconnect reveals a resistivity of ≃4.2×10-2 ohm-cm2 which is adequate for AMO operation. The advantages of this interconnect for the p+-n cell configuration, including suitability in manufacturing environment for the production of low-cost AlGaAs/Si mechanically-stacked cells, are presented