Development and evaluation of the Daily Assessment of Symptoms-Anxiety (DAS-A) scale to evaluate onset of symptom relief in patients with generalized anxiety disorder
Morlock, R. J., Williams, V., Cappelleri, J. C., Harness, J., Fehnel, S., Endicott, J., & Feltner, D. (2008). Development and evaluation of the Daily Assessment of Symptoms-Anxiety (DAS-A) scale to evaluate onset of symptom relief in patients with generalized anxiety disorder. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 42(12), 1024-1036. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2007.09.005
Background: Fast-acting anxiolytics are important to patients and society. Measuring early onset, however, requires a sensitive and
clinically responsive measure. This study develops and evaluates the psychometric properties of a new patient-reported instrument,
the Daily Assessment of Symptoms – Anxiety (DAS-A), designed to detect reduction of anxiety symptoms in patients with Generalized
Anxiety Disorder (GAD) during the first week of treatment.
Methods: Clinician interviews and patient focus groups were conducted to identify relevant constructs; discussions focused on early
symptom improvement and meaningful changes in GAD symptoms. The draft questionnaire underwent iterative sets of cognitive interviews
to inform item reduction and revision. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study of paroxetine and lorazepam
assessed the performance of the new instrument in GAD patients. Analyses evaluated the structure, reliability, validity, and utility of
Results: There was consistency across focus groups and clinicians in the description of symptoms that improve first. The final item set
was easily understood by interview participants. Factor analyses indicated that a unidimensional structure best described the data. Itemlevel
descriptive statistics, Cronbach’s alphas, effect sizes, and validity correlations with other scales were favorable. Most importantly,
the DAS-A demonstrated separation of lorazepam from placebo within 24 h of first dose and correlated with other anxiety measures.
Conclusions: This study resulted in the development of a reliable and valid instrument addressing the DSM-IV dimensions of GAD. The
DAS-A is capable of detecting reduction in anxiety symptoms within 24 h, making it a desirable measure to include in future trials of
fast-acting anxiety medications.