• Journal Article

Development of a 12 month screener based on items from the Bayley II Scales of Infant Development for use in low middle income countries

Citation

Biasini, F. J., De Jong, D., Ryan, S., Thorsten, V., Bann, C., Bellad, R., ... McClure, E. (2015). Development of a 12 month screener based on items from the Bayley II Scales of Infant Development for use in low middle income countries. Early Human Development, 91(4), 253-258. DOI: 10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2015.02.001

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to adapt the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II for use as a screening measure that could be used by health care professionals in Low Middle Income (LMI) countries with 12month old infants to determine if they needed further assessment and early intervention. METHODS: The adaptations were made as part of a larger study of children participating in a home-based early intervention program in India, Pakistan, and Zambia. Using Item Response Theory, a brief 12month screener, with excellent sensitivity and specificity was identified. RESULTS: The proposed 12month screener contains 7 mental/cognitive items and 5 motor items. Children who cannot perform more than 3 items on the mental scale (sensitivity 79%, specificity 85%) and/or 3 items on the motor scale (sensitivity 96%, specificity 95%) should be referred for further assessment. CONCLUSION: This screener can reliably be used to determine if a child needs further developmental assessment