Cost effectiveness of duloxetine in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain in the UK
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this analysis was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of duloxetine when considered as an additional treatment option for UK-based patients suffering from diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A decision-analytic model was used to represent the sequential management of patients with diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain. The standard UK treatment strategy was defined as first-line tricyclic antidepressants (amitriptyline), second-line anticonvulsants (gabapentin) and lastly an opioid-related treatment. The cost-effectiveness of duloxetine was evaluated as an additional first, second, third or fourth-line therapy over a 6-month treatment period for a cohort of 1000 patients. Treatment response was modelled based on changes from baseline pain severity using a standard 11-point pain scale (0-10); full response (>or= 50% change), partial response (30-49%) and no response (< 30%). The model was populated with efficacy and discontinuation data using indirect comparisons of treatment efficacy based on relative effects to a common placebo comparator. RESULTS: The second-line use of duloxetine resulted in cost savings of pound 77,071 for every 1000 treated patients, with an additional 29 patients achieving a full pain response when compared to standard UK treatment. Additional quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) were achieved at 1.88 QALYs per 1000 patients. CONCLUSIONS: This UK-based economic model suggests that second-line use of duloxetine is a beneficial and cost-effective treatment strategy for diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain
Beard, S., McCrink, L., Le, T. K., Garcia-Cebrian, A., Monz, B., & Malik, R. A. (2008). Cost effectiveness of duloxetine in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain in the UK. Current Medical Research and Opinion, 24(2), 385-399.