The variety and extent of impairments in individuals with severe-profound levels of intellectual disability (ID) impact their ability to complete valid behavioral assessments. Although standardized assessment is crucial for objectively evaluating patients, many individuals with severe-profound levels of ID perform at the floor of most assessments designed for their chronological age. Additionally, the presence of language and motor impairments may influence the individual's ability to perform a task, even when that task is meant to measure an unrelated construct leading to an underestimation of their true ability. This article provides an overview of the assessment protocols used by multiple groups working with individuals with severe-profound levels of ID, discusses considerations for obtaining high-quality assessment results, and suggests guidelines for standardizing these protocols across the field.
Comprehensive assessment of individuals with significant levels of intellectual disability
Challenges, strategies, and future directions
DiStefano, C., Sadhwani, A., & Wheeler, A. C. (2020). Comprehensive assessment of individuals with significant levels of intellectual disability: Challenges, strategies, and future directions. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 125(6), 434-448. https://doi.org/10.1352/1944-7558-125.6.434