Clients' perspective of the role of voluntary counseling and testing in HIV/AIDS prevention and care in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania: The Voluntary Counseling and Testing Efficacy Study
There is a growing body of evidence that voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) is effective for the primary prevention of HIV as well as for the care and support of individuals affected by HIV in developing countries. This qualitative study offers an additional perspective: the experiences and perceptions of men and women receiving VCT services. As a substudy of a large multisite clinical trial testing the effectiveness of VCT, 81 study participants at the Tanzania study site who were randomized to VCT at baseline were interviewed at the time of their 6-month follow-up. Findings are based on textual analysis of the following themes: HIV in the context of other life issues, motivations for receiving services, positive and negative consequences of VCT, and the role of VCT in risk reduction. Implications for service provision in developing countries are discussed.