Cisplatin-induced loss of kidney copper and nephrotoxicity is ameliorated by single dose diethyldithiocarbamate, but not mesna
Dewoskin, R., & Riviere, J. E. (1992). Cisplatin-induced loss of kidney copper and nephrotoxicity is ameliorated by single dose diethyldithiocarbamate, but not mesna. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 112(2), 182-189.
Platinum, copper, and zinc concentrations in kidney and liver were monitored following administration of cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (Cisplatin, CDDP) alone or in combination with diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC) or mercaptoethanesulfonate (mesna). Compounds were administered in saline to F344 female rats as single bolus ip doses: 7.5 mg CDDP/kg body wt; 500 mg DDC/kg body wt 1 hr after CDDP; and 100 mg mesna/kg body wt 1 hr before CDDP, at the same time as CDDP, or 1 hr after CDDP. Tissues were collected at 4 hr, 1 day, 4 days, and 7 days post-CDDP dosing. CDDP alone produced significant increases in blood urea nitrogen (fourfold) and plasma creatinine (threefold) concentrations by Day 4. Concurrent with the toxicity, CDDP lowered kidney copper (-71%) by Day 4, but had little effect on liver copper except in copper-pretreated rats. Copper-pretreated rats initially had a twofold higher kidney copper concentration and a fourfold higher liver copper concentration, but by Day 4, CDDP lowered copper concentrations in both organs to near the noncopper-treated levels. Platinum in kidney and liver rose 72-100% of peak levels within 4 hr post-CDDP and was relatively stable throughout the 7-day test period. Kidney zinc rose significantly by day 4 only in CDDP-treated rats. DDC protected against the kidney toxicity of CDDP and markedly changed kidney copper loss. Within 4 hr, DDC reduced kidney copper 60% while increasing kidney platinum to the highest concentration of any of the treatments. By Day 4, DDC-treated rats had approximately 50% lower kidney platinum while copper returned toward control levels. A single dose of mesna did not significantly protect against CDDP nephrotoxicity and had little effect on kidney platinum, copper, or zinc. The patterns of copper loss and toxicity from CDDP alone or with DDC suggest that copper be further evaluated for its role in the mechanism of CDDP cytotoxicity